|Authors:||Lebedynska Yelyzaveta and Lebedynska Kateryna (TM Katrin-Elizabeth)|
|On photos:||Diana of Simba Iceberg and Dobby of Simba Iceberg ( professional cattery ” Simba Iceberg ” )|
|The story of the Scottish cat is full of mysteries. The mutant gene Fd, which is manifested in the formation of an unusual shaped ears, has been at ancestors of modern Scottish cats at least a half century ago. So earliest references of the representatives of Scottish Fold breed can be found in the literature, dating XIX century.One of the sources those days reports that from China to the UK was imported white long-haired cat with drooping ears (Highland Fold). But unfortunately, its fate is not known. Great Darwin wrote that “China has a breed with drooping ears”.In 1796, cats, that have unusual ears, were the heroes of the publication of “World Journal of knowledge and entertainment” (China)
In 1961, the domestic cat, who lived on a farm near Coupar Angus in the Tayside-(Scotland), north-west of Dundee, brought a litter of kittens, which had a white cat with a lovely curved back and drooping ears down, some time later named Susie. It is worth mentioning that the farm owners have not given much importance to unusual phenomenon. The starting point in the history of the formation of the modern Scottish Fold can be called a day when, during a visit to the farm, Susie noticed breeders William and Mary Ross, engaged in breeding of the British cats. They were interested in learning and fixing distinguishing features and agreed with the owner of a cat about a kitten from Susie. Having a kitten who has inherited the necessary line, they began work on the future of the breed, which in 1966 was officially registered in the GCCF. The Scottish cats began to take part in exhibitions, became popular, received the status of a promising and popular breed. But in a moment lost it all.
An unexpected turn in the history of the formation of the breed took place in 1971. Pointing to the lack of study of the gene and genetic problems associated with it, there was a ban on registration of Fold cats. It may seem that the end has become a reality, but it has not. America has given a second chance to breed banned in Europe, at first accepting breed in 1976, and then allowing for the championship in 1978, already proved itself well in show for one of the most respected feline systems of America – The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA). The pioneer of the Scottish breed in America was Lin Lamouks. She became the first breeder of Fold cats in the country.1974 Salle Wolf Peters – enthusiast, breeder Manx, registered in the CFA – International Association of breeders of Scottish fold ISFA, which ,to this day, is engaged in coordinating the work with the breed. So the main and perhaps the only one at that time the center of the breed became the United States until the 1980s, when the Scottish cats were again allowed in Europe.
In contrast to the English breeders, breeders from America special attention of the preparation of breeding programs have paid the objective not only to achieve the maximum approximate to the standard of the breed (folded tight ears), but also a health issue: how to escape the devastating effects of the mutation. The recommendations of veterinarians and the results of genetic research – the basis of breeding programs. Dr. Rosamund Pelz, advise breeders in the matter of breeding, and has helped improve the health of kittens.
Due to the peculiarities of breeding Fold cats the question of selection of “straight” partners stood sharply because the crossing fold with any cat having unstable type that came to taste – is inappropriate. Therefore, as the pair to Fold cats American breeders began to take kittens from the primary mating fold with American or British Shorthair. Formed the modern model of the breed: Fold and their partners, called “Straight”. In such a way was fixed Americans mating scheme: fold + Straight.
It is interesting to note that initially Scottish cats were longhaired (Highland Fold, Highland Straight), rather than short-haired (Scottish Fold, Scottish Straight). But in spite of this, Highland cats got a personal standard is much later than their short-haired counterparts. In 1986, the first representative of the Highland fold breed made his debut in the popular TV show “Good Morning America” that assist participation in the international exhibition breed TICA, held at Madison Square Garden. It was only in 1993, the CFA, in the end, took the standard, meet the standards of Scottish fold cats. Interesting fact: Fold cat first appeared on television in the Soviet Union in 1970. Cat of the famous “house-tormentor” Freken Bock from the cartoon “Carlson returned” – Matilda – is representative of the breed Highland fold.
After a long period of time, Scottish Fold managed to win the hearts of millions of people around the world. Perhaps no show is complete without a representative of this breed among the winners. The number of catteries wishing to engage in precisely Scottish Fold, is growing fast. But even finding worldwide fame, the breed continues to evolve!